What Is A Prolapsed Stoma?

Are you curious to know what is a prolapsed stoma? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about a prolapsed stoma in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is a prolapsed stoma?

In the realm of ostomy care, a prolapsed stoma represents a challenging yet manageable complication that requires attention and proper management. For individuals who have undergone ostomy surgery, understanding and addressing a prolapsed stoma is crucial to maintaining overall well-being and quality of life. But what exactly is a prolapsed stoma, and how does it impact individuals with an ostomy?

What Is A Prolapsed Stoma?

A stoma is a surgically created opening on the abdomen that allows waste to exit the body after procedures like colostomy, ileostomy, or urostomy. A prolapsed stoma occurs when the stoma protrudes or extends beyond its normal position on the abdominal wall. This can cause the stoma to appear larger, swollen, or elongated, leading to discomfort and potential complications.

Causes And Risk Factors:

  1. Muscle Weakness: Weakened abdominal muscles, often due to surgery or repeated straining, can contribute to stoma prolapse.
  2. Increased Intra-abdominal Pressure: Activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure, such as heavy lifting, coughing, or straining during bowel movements, can also trigger stoma prolapse.
  3. Post-Surgical Healing: In some cases, stoma prolapse may occur during the post-operative healing phase as tissues adjust and settle.

Symptoms And Complications:

  1. Visible Protrusion: The most apparent sign of a prolapsed stoma is the protrusion of the stoma beyond its normal position, sometimes appearing as a swollen, elongated, or enlarged stoma.
  2. Discomfort or Pain: Individuals may experience discomfort, irritation, or pain around the prolapsed stoma due to friction, rubbing against clothing, or pressure on the surrounding skin.
  3. Potential Complications: In severe cases, a prolapsed stoma can lead to complications such as obstruction, necrosis (tissue death), or impaired stoma function.

Management And Treatment:

  1. Temporary Measures: Simple maneuvers like gently pushing the stoma back into its normal position (manual reduction) under medical guidance can offer temporary relief.
  2. Supportive Measures: Using a stoma belt or support garment can help reduce movement and pressure on the prolapsed stoma, providing comfort and support.
  3. Surgical Intervention: In persistent or severe cases, surgical options may be considered to correct the prolapsed stoma and prevent further complications.

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Quality Of Life And Support:

While managing a prolapsed stoma requires attention and care, it’s important to note that with proper guidance from healthcare professionals, most individuals can continue to lead fulfilling lives with their ostomy. Support groups, counseling, and education about ostomy care play a vital role in helping individuals adapt and manage such challenges effectively.


A prolapsed stoma, though posing challenges in ostomy care, can be managed and addressed through proper understanding, support, and medical intervention. With attentive care and guidance, individuals with an ostomy can navigate these challenges, ensuring their continued comfort, well-being, and quality of life.

As the field of ostomy care evolves, ongoing support, education, and advancements in medical interventions pave the way for improved management and care for individuals living with an ostomy.


What Causes A Stoma Prolapse?

A prolapsed stoma occurs when the stoma becomes longer than normal If your stoma has prolapsed it will look longer than normal and stick out further from the body. A stoma can prolapse if the muscles supporting it are weak or it may happen as a result of straining the abdominal muscles i.e. through lifting.

How Do You Repair A Prolapsed Stoma?

The surgical approach to repair can be broadly classified into two groups – an abdominal approach, often via a midline laparotomy, or a local approach around the stoma site. An abdominal approach releases adhesions, reduces the prolapse and involves fixation of the bowel and/or the mesentery to the abdominal wall.

Can A Prolapsed Stoma Be Reversed?

Surgical treatment options for stoma prolapse include stoma reversal, local resection, or relocation. Stoma prolapse can be treated with local surgical procedures in most cases.

Do You Still Poop If You Have A Stoma?

The opening creates a passage from the large intestine to the outside of your body. This is so that solid stool and gas can leave the body through the stoma instead of passing through the rectum. The waste is collected in a pouch worn on the outside of the body.

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